XSnippets: XPages Localization Setter

I have submitted some XSnippets for the XSnippets-Contest. This is the first one, the XPages Localization Setter: The Snippet allows to change the language settings of a XPage „On-The-Fly“, including the used browser language, the dojo settings, the ressource files etc.

package ch.hasselba.xpages.jsf.core;

import javax.faces.context.FacesContext;
import javax.faces.application.Application;
import javax.faces.event.PhaseEvent;
import javax.faces.event.PhaseId;
import javax.faces.event.PhaseListener;
import javax.faces.component.UIViewRoot;
import java.util.Locale;
import java.util.Map;

public class LocalizationSetter implements PhaseListener {

    private static final long serialVersionUID = -1L;
    private static final String scopeVarName = "Language";
    private static final String scopeName = "sessionScope";

    public void afterPhase(PhaseEvent event) {}

    public void beforePhase(PhaseEvent event) {
        FacesContext facesContext = event.getFacesContext();
        UIViewRoot view = facesContext.getViewRoot();
        view.setLocale( getLanguage(facesContext) ) ;
    }

    public PhaseId getPhaseId() {
        return PhaseId.RENDER_RESPONSE;
    }

    private Locale getLanguage( FacesContext facesContext ){       
        try{
            Application app = facesContext.getApplication();
            Object obj = app.getVariableResolver()
                  .resolveVariable(facesContext, scopeName );
            Object lang = ((Map) obj).get( scopeVarName );
            if( lang != null ){
                return new Locale((String) lang);
            }
        }catch(Exception e){}

        return Locale.getDefault();
    }
}

This phase listener updates the language settings of the UIViewRoot-Element during the rendering of the response. The language the XPage will be set to the stored value in a session scope variable named „Language„. If you want to change this you just have to change the variable scopeVarName.

To activate the phase listener in your XPages-Application you have to alter the faces-config.xml:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<faces-config>
    <lifecycle>
        <phase-listener>
           ch.hasselba.xpages.jsf.core.LocalizationSetter
        </phase-listener>
    </lifecycle>
</faces-config>

Here is a simple example to demonstrate the XSnippet:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<xp:view xmlns:xp="http://www.ibm.com/xsp/core">
<xp:comboBox id="comboBox1" value="#{sessionScope.Language}">
   <xp:selectItem itemLabel="Chinese" itemValue="zh" />
   <xp:selectItem itemLabel="German" itemValue="de" />
   <xp:selectItem itemLabel="Turkish" itemValue="tr" />
   <xp:eventHandler event="onchange" submit="true"
      refreshMode="complete" />
</xp:comboBox>
</xp:view>

If you are choosing „turkish“ from the combobox, the html source looks like this after the page was reloaded:

If you add a simple date picker to your XPage and change the language to chinese, the dojo dialog will be in chinese from now on:

To add more languages you have to use the two letter ISO 639 code. To get a list of all available locales you can use this small repeat control:

<xp:repeat id="repeat1" rows="999" var="locale">
   <xp:this.value>
      <![CDATA[#{javascript:
         java.text.SimpleDateFormat.getAvailableLocales();
      }]]>
   </xp:this.value>
   <xp:label id="label1">
      <xp:this.value>
         <![CDATA[#{javascript:
            locale.getDisplayName() + " -> " + locale.toString()
         }]]>
      </xp:this.value>
   </xp:label>
   <xp:br/>
</xp:repeat>

Note:

After changing the language a full refresh is required!

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